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Welding and Joining Processes - Stick Welding
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Stick welding is also referred to as electrode welding or Manual Metal Arc Welding. An electrode is used which is the filler material coated in a flux, and clamped into the hand piece. An earth lead is attached to the piece to be welded to complete the circuit. The tip of the electrode is touched onto the work piece to start the weld. The tip of the filler material and the parent material are melted simultaneously as the electrode is moved along the weld joint. The electrode is expended and replaced with another one as required. As the weld is laid down, the flux coating on the welding rod protects the molten material from oxidation and deposits a ‘slag’ on top of the weld. This slag must be chipped off on completion of the weld.
Stick welding is a low cost, but manual welding method. The low cost factor makes it very attractive as a general purpose welding procedure. Stick welding machines can also be small in size and running of single phase power making them suitable for site work.
A wide variety of electrodes are also available making the process quite versatile. In addition to regular electrodes for welding steels, alloy steels and cast irons, there are also hard facing electrodes available for cladding surfaces with a hard, wear resistant layer.
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